The US-equipped Afghan National Army is reportedly surrendering its military equipment and weapons to the Taliban at an alarming rate, with entire battalions of soldiers disbanding without a fight in anticipation of an imminent collapse of the government amid the ongoing US and NATO withdrawal from the country.
A thorough open-source intelligence investigation of Afghan security forces equipment by Oryx, a conflict-focused news outlet trusted by major US media including Forbes, estimates that the Taliban has gotten its hands on as many as 715 Humvees and other light trucks, plus dozens of armoured vehicles and heavy artillery systems, in recent weeks.
The outlet reports that at least two Afghan National Army tanks, dozens of mortar systems, and anti-aircraft guns, some of them leftovers from the Soviet-Afghan War of the 1980s, 17 122 mm D-30 towed howitzers, 141 US Navistar International trucks, 21 Oshkosh mine-resistant armour-plated vehicles, bulldozers, excavators, and other equipment are included in the Taliban’s haul.
Accompanying the report is plenty of footage posted to social media of Afghan security forces surrendering weapons and equipment to the group en masse.https://www.youtube.com/embed/T11LLpdko2M
Taliban militants are shown taking command of the captured vehicles in some of the videos.https://www.youtube.com/embed/-n-TmlIi7lk
The US has spent years and billions of dollars equipping the Afghan National Army and Police Force, delivering over 25,000 Humvees to the country, and providing the government with thousands of other vehicles and pieces of military equipment.
Forbes warns that the Taliban could use the captured vehicles to create a major mobile fighting force if it is able to source fuel to power them.
The February 2020 peace agreement between the US and the Taliban did not include the Afghan government, and a brief truce between Kabul and the fundamentalist militia was quickly broken, sparking widespread violence, including a spree of suicide bombings, Taliban offensives across virtually all of the country’s provinces, and sniper and hit-and-run attacks on Afghan army and police outposts. On 22 June, the Taliban captured Afghanistan’s main border crossing with Tajikistan.
On Friday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov expressed concerns over the situation in Afghanistan, warning of an apparent concentration of Daesh (ISIS)* jihadists in northern Afghanistan, and confirming that Moscow was discussing the situation with its Collective Security Treaty Organisation allies.
A commitment to fighting Daesh was one of the conditions of the US-Taliban peace deal.
China has aired its own anxieties over the situation in Afghanistan, with the two countries sharing a 76 km-long sliver of a border. In May, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi warned that the US’s “hasty withdrawal” from the war-torn nation had “dealt a serious blow to the peace process” and “negatively affected regional stability.”
In his announcement of the troop withdrawal in April, Biden called on Russia, China, Pakistan, India, and Turkey to “step up” and do more to “support Afghanistan.”
The rapid deterioration of the security situation has prompted some observers to express fears that the United States may have attempted to manoeuvre Russia, China, the Central Asian post-Soviet republics and others into a position to try to drag them into the decades-old Afghan conflict.