Agni P Missile

On 28 Jun 2021, India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully tested India’s new Agin P missile from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam island which is located in Balasore, Odisha. Agni P missile is India’s new Generation Nuclear-Capable Ballistic missile and that is why in today’s Guarding India Exclusive we will tell you all the details about this missile and its capabilities.

You can also watch Guarding India video covering the same details or you may continue reading this article.

Before talking about the Agni P missile we must discuss the Agni series missiles. Agni missile family is the result of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) project which was started in 1989 by India’s former President APJ Abdul Kalam. Agni missile family was designed for the delivery of Indian nuclear weapons and these missiles form the land-based deterrent of India’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC).

This means that Agni missiles guarantee that if China or Pakistan launches a surprise attack on India then Indian nuclear weapons will destroy them. Therefore, Agni missiles are called a guarantee of India’s peace and security. Till now, the Agni Missile family has a total of 5 missiles.

DRDO’s latest Agni-P missile which was tested on 28 Jun 2021, is the sixth missile of the Agni missile family. It has been designed to replace the Agni-I missile which was first developed in the 1990s.

Agni P is India’s new short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) whose range is 1,000 km to 2,000 km and it can carry a payload of 1,000 kilogram or nuclear weapons. This missile has been fitted with advanced technologies used in India’s Agni-IV missile with 4000-km range and Agni-V missile with 5000-km range.

The old Agni-I was a longish missile with dart type warhead, the new Agni P missile has a new generation warhead with composite heat shields. This warhead can easily defeat any air defence missile-like Pakistan’s Chinese HQ-16 missile.

Single-stage Agni-I uses steel casing and it was a very heavy missile while both stages of the new Agni P missile use composite rocket motors and composite heat shields. Due to the extensive use of composites, Agni P missile weighs less than the Agni-I missile and despite this, the range of the Agni P missile is 2000 Kilometres which is more than 1200 kilometres range of the old Agni-I missile.

Agni P is a two-stage solid-fuelled missile that has advanced ring-laser gyroscopes based inertial navigation systems due to which its navigation system cannot be jammed. Additionally, this ring-laser gyroscope feeds data to the advanced onboard mission computer fitted onboard Agni P due to which the accuracy of the Agni P missile is more than any Pakistani and Chinese ballistic missile.

However, the biggest advantage of the Agni P missile is its amazing mobility. Actually, DRDO has designed Agni P missile as a canister-based missile which will be fitted on the Tatra 816 High mobility Truck of the Indian Army which is manufactured by India’s Bharat Earth Movers Limited. Tatra 816 trucks are 10×10 trucks and they can carry Agni P missiles to literally anywhere due to which Pakistan and China will never know the location of Agni P missiles.

The second biggest advantage of the Agni P missile is its canister-based system. The canister-based missile is designed with 10-year service life and it does not require any maintenance during its service life. Another advantage is it can be launched on target within minutes of receiving the firing orders which is much faster than the old Agni-I missile.

Finally, on behalf of Team Guarding India, I would like to say that the Agni P missile is a good upgrade for India’s nuclear capability. Being a canister-based road-mobile missile this will prove to be an excellent nuclear missile for India’s Strategic Force Command. We hope that there will be 2 or 3 more tests of the new Agni P missile and thereafter by 2025 it will be inducted into operational service.