The recent standoff at Galwan has been a bloody battle and has united India against China. As we mentioned earlier, these clashes have awaken a sleeping Tiger besides angering the world. China remains undeterred despite Indian public discarding Chinese products and Government of India banning Chinese Apps. So, what stops China in this situation and answer is Indian Armed Forces which have deployed impressive firepower in Himalayas to thwart any Chinese Aggression.
Sensing the urgency, Indian Army has rushed its most lethal weaponry in Ladakh including T-90 tanks which has been well covered by media. What is largely ignored is deployment of massive amount of deadly artillery guns in Ladakh area. All those who remember Kargil War will recall mighty Bofors guns blasting Pakistani positions on Tiger Hill which destroyed Pakistani will to fight leading to Indian victory.
From 1999 Kargil war to the Galwan in 2020, Indian Army has upgraded its artillery with two deadly guns which are US made M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzer and South Korea made K-9 Vajra Self Propelled Howitzers with Excalibur artillery shells. We will now see how these weapons make a deadly force that can prevents Chinese aggression.
M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzers is a US made gun designed by the BAE Systems. Indian Army has ordered 145 M-777 Ultra-Light Howitzers out of which 120 will be made in India. This gun is lightest long-range artillery in world which can destroy any target 30 kilometers away. If that is not enough, this gun can be airlifted to any mountaintop by Chinook helicopters of Indian Air Force which means Chinese will never know until they are under attack by M-777s firing from some remote area.
Second deadly gun that Indian Army has recently inducted is K-9 Vajra which can bomb targets 52 kilometers away. This is a Indian version of South Korean K-9 Thunder self-propelled howitzer designed for operation in the desert areas bordering Pakistan. India had ordered 100 K-9 Vajra guns which were to be manufactured in India by Larsen and Toubro. As of July 2020, more than 50 guns have been delivered to Indian Army.
How deadly are these guns ask North Korea who was at the target of these K-9 Vajras. On 23 November 2010, North Korea bombarded South Korean Yeonpyeong Island with 170 artillery shells and rockets targeting both civilian area and military locations. However, South Koreas had just six K-9 Thunder guns on the island who unleashed a firestorm of artillery shells on North Koreans with deadly precision. The K9 Thunders are so deadly that Australia, Turkey, Finland, Norway, and Egypt have selected it as weapon of choice for upgrading their artillery.
Finally, artillery gun is as deadly as the shells (bombs) it fires and here comes the punch of US Excalibur artillery shells.
The Excalibur is officially called M982 Excalibur which is a 155 mm guided artillery shell developed by US Army. This shell uses a unique GPS and inertial navigation system to deliver ultimate precision at unmatched ranges. Excalibur can hit a truck located 57 kilometers away with an accuracy of less than 5 meters which is better than laser guided bombs launched by fighter jets. The combat effectiveness of Excalibur in Iraq during the summer of 2007 thrilled US Army more than 92% of Excalibur rounds landed within 4 meters of the target. US Army was so impressed that it ordered to increase the production to 150 shells per month from the previous 18 rounds per month. The experience of Indian Army has also been similar as it is so satisfied with test results that India has ordered additional Excalibur shells from US.
Thus, any Chinese intrusion in Ladakh is guaranteed to meet hell-storm of Excalibur shells fired from M-777 and K-9 Vajras. However, we hope the matter is resolved amicably between the two countries and guns remain silent in Ladakh.